The divide is most severe in California’s Latino community, where 35 percent of adults do not use the Internet at all, and only 50 percent have broadband access at home. Other groups fare better, according to a 2010 study by the Public Policy Institute of California, a nonpartisan research group: whites (90 percent use the Internet, 82 percent have broadband access at home), Asians (87 percent Internet, 77 percent broadband) and blacks (82 percent Internet, 70 percent broadband).
Grandiose plans announced by some cities (like San Francisco in 2004) to help close the gap with citywide free wireless Internet access have mostly fizzled due to political disputes and financing.
But where governments have failed, others have stepped in.
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